What Are the Three Types of Arthritis?

Arthritis comes in many forms and can cause severe pain and stiffness in your joints. What’s important to note is that the causes and symptoms of arthritis may vary depending on the type that you have. The treatment you receive will also depend on the form of arthritis that you are suffering from.

According to the Arthritis Foundation, there are more than 100 different types of arthritis, but the majority of the 40 million people with arthritis in the United States are likely dealing with one of the three predominant types. 

Your family doctor in Edinburg would like to inform you about the three main types of arthritis.

Three of the Most Common Forms of Arthritis

1. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is one of the recognized types of arthritis and is caused by the overuse of joints. While osteoarthritis is most commonly found in the elderly, it has become much more commonly found in those who are overweight as well. 

When it comes to osteoarthritis, the joints most commonly affected are those which support your frame and weight, including your feet, hips, back, and knees.

This form of arthritis is caused by a decrease in the cartilage of the joints, causing swelling, discomfort, and pain. Treatments for osteoarthritis include resting affected joints, physical therapy, and exercise. Pain relief may also be available through medications, changes in diets, and hot/cold compress usage.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis

This type of arthritis is an auto-immune disease that can cause significant pain to your joints and other parts of your body. Unfortunately, the exact cause for rheumatoid arthritis is not known and it can make daily activities, like walking or driving, challenging. 

Treatments for rheumatoid arthritis include medications that control or decrease swelling, preventing further damage to the joints.   

3. Psoriatic Arthritis 

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy, red, scaly patches on your skin. A fraction of people who have psoriasis will acquire psoriatic arthritis, which is when the disease begins to cause inflammation primarily in the fingers and toes. 

Once you are diagnosed by your family doctor, a treatment plan can be developed.

If you or a family member are suffering from arthritis and are seeking care, make an appointment with your family doctor in Edinburg at Family Medicine and Geriatric Center.